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Improvisation

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Improvisation,’ from Latin improvisus (meaning ‘unforeseen’), is a term used to describe the simultaneous composition and performance of music. As its derivation indicates, the term has often had connotations of spontaneous...

Solo

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...A solo (Italian solo, meaning ‘alone’) is a piece or performance, or part of a piece or performance, for a single voice or instrument; while a soloist may perform completely alone, the term ‘solo’ is also used when he/she is accompanied –...

Playing Inside

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Playing inside’ is the antonym of the jazz term ‘playing outside.’ The terminology emerged during the development of free jazz in the 1960s, and a player who ‘plays inside’ is one who remains within the harmonic, metrical and scalar...

Vamping

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Vamping’ was the term used in early jazz to describe an improvised ‘oom-pah’ ragtime or stride piano accompaniment, played with two hands: the left took the pedal notes on beats 1 and 3 of a measure, and the right played chords on beats 2...

Jamming

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...‘Jamming’ is the term used to describe informal collective improvisation, often in a competitive situation (known as a ‘jam session’); it has its origins in jazz, although it is now widely used in most areas of popular music. The term (like...

Quotation

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...In the context of music, ‘quotation’ denotes a short passage or tune taken from one piece of music to another. In popular music, quotation usually functions as an act of humor, parody or homage. The practise is widespread among jazz...

Scat Singing

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...Scat singing is a style of wordless jazz singing in which meaningless syllables are sung as part of an improvised melodic line, generally over a preexisting harmonic structure. This form of vocalization allows the voice to assume the role...

Comping

David Horn

David Horn was a founding editor of the journal Popular Music and a founding member of IASPM (The International Association for the Study of Popular Music). He was Director of the Institute of Popular Music at the University of Liverpool from 1988 until his retirement in 2002. Together with the blues scholar Paul Oliver he first proposed the idea of EPMOW in the 1980s, and has worked on the project since that time. Author affiliation details are correct at time of print publication.

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Garry Tamlyn

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The term ‘comping,’ derived from ‘accompanying,’ is used in jazz, where it refers to chordal accompaniment provided for soloists by the piano, guitar or vibes. Comping was pioneered in the big bands by pianists such as Count Basie and Duke...

Playing Outside

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume II : Performance and Production

Continuum, 2003

Encyclopedia Articles

...The concept of ‘playing outside’ stems from the jazz of the 1960s, when the emergent ideas of free jazz players coalesced with those developed through other, more conventional, forms of improvisation. Given that, as many free jazz players...

Kriti (Crete)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume VII : Locations: Europe

The Continuum International, 2016

Encyclopedia Articles

...Population: 540,000 (2004) Kriti (Crete) is the largest of the Greek islands, situated to the south of the Greek mainland and to the west of Turkey. The capital is Irakleio (Iraklion). Crete has been...