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...Considered by many to be the father of Egyptian popular music, Sayed Darwish’s contribution to the country’s musical culture is virtually unmatched. He was born in Alexandria in 1892 and his family sent him to a religious school, after...

Umm Kulthūm

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...A national icon of Egypt, Umm Kulthum had a singing career that made her one of the most important stars in the Arabic-speaking world. Born in Egypt in 1898, Kulthum was taught to sing and recite the Koran by her father, an imam. By the age...

Qaṣīda

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume X : Genres: Middle East and North Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Encyclopedia Articles

...Qaṣīda is an Arab vocal genre of sung classical poetry of the same name. Qaṣīda poetry originated in pre-Islamic Arabia and remains one of the most powerful and highly respected art forms in the Arab world. The singing of qaṣāʾid (plural...
...As an Egyptian singing sensation, ‘Abd al-Halīm Ḥāfiẓ exerted control over multiple facets of the country’s entertainment industry. Ḥāfiẓ was born in 1929; his mother died during childbirth and his father died when he was five, so then he...

Ughniyya (Eastern Arab)

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume X : Genres: Middle East and North Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Encyclopedia Articles

...In the early 1970s new vocabulary entered common usage in describing song genres of the Arab world, particularly the East Mediterranean Levant region. This was a result of the wide exposure to a popular amateur talent show called...
...The prolific singer and oud player Farīd al-Aṭrash provided a unique deep voice for the film music of his adopted homeland, Egypt. He was born in southern Syria in 1917. The al-Aṭrash clan had fought against the French colonial force and,...

Muwashshaḥ

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume X : Genres: Middle East and North Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Encyclopedia Articles

...The muwashshaḥ (sometimes muwashshaḥa, pl. muwashshaḥāt) stands for many performers and music lovers as the epitome of Arab music. Poetically, melodically and vocally, the muwashshaḥāt constitute a veritable treasure trove...

Shabābī

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume X : Genres: Middle East and North Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Encyclopedia Articles

...The two primary strains of Egyptian popular music in the early twenty-first century are shaʿbī (popular, ‘of the people’) and shabābī (‘youth music’). Both styles emerged in the 1980s and used small bands to perform short, upbeat...

Shaʿbī

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World Volume X : Genres: Middle East and North Africa

Bloomsbury Academic, 2015

Encyclopedia Articles

...The term shaʿbī (shaabi, chaâbi) refers to a modern popular music phenomenon that emerged in the twentieth century in Algeria, Egypt and Morocco. While shaʿbī is an Arabic word that is commonly translated as ‘popular,’ it is also...